HOW TO GET RID OF THIS BONDAGE

            Man out of his own wisdom and knowledge invented many ways such as Karmamarga(way of works),Gnana marga (way of knowledge), Yoga marga(way of concentrating mind) and Bhakti marga (way of devotion), to get themselves freed from this bondage of sin.

            Karma Marga: There is a general belief that sickness, sorrow, pain, bondages, afflictions and poverty, are all because of Poorva genma karma (deeds of the past life). When the cause for any of these evils are not readily understood it is always attributed to karma.

            The word karma means several things. (a) It may mean the deed or deeds of the individual human being. These deeds are (i) Satvik- virtuous, (ii) Rajasik- pride, (iii) Tamasik- evil. These three are known asTriguna or triple nature. (b) It may mean the cycle of karma, karma samsara or karma chakra (c) It may also mean karma yoga or nishkamaa deed or deeds done without any desire for reward.

 An individual’s karma can be classified as follows:

a)  Sanchit karma- the accumulated deeds of all previous births, which gets attached
         to the soul automatically at the time of each birth, in the rebirth cycle.
b) Kriyamana karma- good or bad deeds that the soul may further accumulate.
c)  Prarabdha karma- deeds which decides the destiny of the soul.

            The sole purpose of this rebirth cycle is that, each birth may reap the good or bad of all his or her karma of the past and present. As per this doctrine, no one can ever know about his or her accumulated deeds, thereby not having any opportunity to correct his or her past, resulting in a hopeless uncertainty. In other words, karma is being stamped on the forehead of every human being, and the destiny of the soul is ceaselessly determined without the control of the individual. Thus the doctrine of karma becomes the dead end for any soul that desires liberation from spiritual bondage. This has made Shri Shankaracharya to lament in Bajagovindam,

          Punarapi janana punarapi marana; Punarapi janani jadarey sayana;   
            Ih sansarey wah dustarey; Krupya parey pahi muararey,

which means, repeated birth, repeated death, and repeated lying in mother’s womb, is a difficult process to go through. Oh destroyer of death, save me by your grace.

            Regarding this a Poet laments, “How many births have I taken, I do not know, nor do I know how many more are yet to be taken, but one thing I know for certain is that the pain and suffering follows all the way”. And rebirth is always an abode of sorrow (B.G 2.50;5.15).

            Gnana Marga: Regarding Gnana marga, the Vedas and Upanishads say, that we have to know the Purusha (for He is the knowledge-Gurureva paraa vidya). The great Naradha says, “I know the Rig Veda Sir, and the Yazur and Sama; and along with them I know many other sacred books as well. I know the mantras, but Sir, I do not know the Self (i.e. God)” Chandogya Upanishad 7.1.2. There must be an experience of the divine Self or God not just an understanding. 

            Yoga Marga: Patanjali has systematized yoga into eight stages, the final stage being coma stage, which is achieved through different types of strenuous physical exercises and meditations. But Gita 17:6says, 

       karsayantah sarira-stham bhuta-gramam acetasah mam 
       chaivantah-sarira-stham thanviddhy asura-niscayan, 

which means, with vain conceited move by powerful passion and attachments, they perform various terrible mortifications contrary to scriptural injunctions. Thus do these senseless men torture their own bodies and Me dwelling in them. Know such persons to be of demoniac resolve. Mind concentration contains three important steps.

a.    Shravana (Hearing about God from the Guru),
b.   Manana (Keep thinking about what we have heard),
c.    Nididhyaasana (profound and repeated meditation on the word of God and dwelling in Him).

            Yoga simply means, “to unite with”. Whom to unite with should be obvious. It is the Supreme Lord or Purusha. Shankara the ancient sage admitted that union with God is attained by the grace of God (Viveka Chudamani 3).  Also verse 56 says,

        Na yogena na sankhyena karmanano na vidhya 
          Bhrahmathmaikkathva bodhena moksha; sidhyathey nanyatha,  

which means, neither by yoga, nor by knowledge, nor by karma, nor by learning, but by the realization of one’s own identity with God, is liberation possible.

            Bhakti Marga: (way of devotion) according to scholars means spiritual love.  The only God whom we can love is Purusha.  If we can concentrate on this Purusha, then we will find Him and love Him as well. The Rig Veda says, “whom shall we worship other than Prajapati (Purusha)”. Svetasvataara Upanishad (3.8) says, “By knowing Purusha, death is transcended.  There is no other way”. 
            Katha Upanishad 8:6 says, yakjnathva muchyathe jan thur ammrudhathvamcha kachathi, which means, the one who knows this Purusha will get liberated and reach mukti. 

 

Written by The word of Truth 

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